At the beginning of the evolution of the universe, all the space was filled with hydrogen and helium. From these substances are formed the first stars from which heavy chemical elements began to appear. It was previously thought that atoms with large atomic numbers appears only in catastrophic events such as supernovae and starfusion.

According to the new scientific theory, the atoms of the heavy elements can also occur when small black holes are involved in the way described by the American astrophysicists. As far as the black holes are concerned, scientists believe that they could be a product of the Big Bang.

“A different kind of furnace was needed to forge gold, platinum, uranium and most other elements heavier than iron,” explains George Fuller, a theoretical astrophysicist at University of California San Diego (UCSD). “These elements most likely formed in an environment rich in neutrons.”

“Small black holes produced in the Big Bang can invade a neutron star and eat it from the inside, in the last milliseconds of the neutron star’s demise. The amount of ejected neutron-rich material is sufficient to explain the observed abundances of heavy elements,” Fuller explains. “As the neutron stars are devoured, they spin up and eject cold neutron matter, which decompresses, heats up and make these elements.”

Tiny black holes are a speculative subject, but many astronomers believe that are a result of the Big Bang, the event that is widely accepted to have given rise to the universe. If this theory is correct, it could also explain other unanswered questions regarding heavy elements in dwarf galaxies.

“Since these events happen rarely, one can understand why only one in ten dwarf galaxies is enriched with heavy elements,” explains Fuller. “The systematic destruction of neutron stars by primordial black holes is consistent with the paucity of neutron stars in the galactic center and in dwarf galaxies, where the density of black holes should be very high.”

https://i2.wp.com/szlifestyle.com/sz/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/BlackHole.jpg?fit=1200%2C675https://i2.wp.com/szlifestyle.com/sz/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/BlackHole.jpg?resize=180%2C150Martin JonesTECH NEWSBlackHole,Gold,NASA,PlatinumAt the beginning of the evolution of the universe, all the space was filled with hydrogen and helium. From these substances are formed the first stars from which heavy chemical elements began to appear. It was previously thought that atoms with large atomic numbers appears only in catastrophic events...